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7-8 Social Studies

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Curriculum Guide

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Course Overview
1. Introduction to Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.1.1 Explore the general concept of empowerment
  • define power and authority and explain how each influences their own lives 
  • identify and categorize sources of power and authority 
  • identify groups that are empowered and disempowered in our society (local, national, and global)

Chapter 1

Self Portrait (pt. 1 and 2)

News Analysis


News Report

Unit Test

2. Personal Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.2.1 Investigate the various ways that economics empowers or disempowers people
  • explain that people have basic needs that must be met 
  • analyse the role that money plays in meeting basic needs 
  • explain how capital is empowering investigate and report on the challenges of the poverty cycle
7.2.2 Analyse how commodities that lead to economic empowerment have changed 
  • identify major economic commodities that have been valued over time 
  • examine the importance of land and natural resources as economic commodities in Canada’s history 
  • examine the various economic commodities in contemporary society
7.2.3 Identify and analyse trends that could impact future economic empowerment 
  • identify current trends and examine factors that may impact on these trends 
  • predict economic commodities and skills that will empower individuals and groups in the future 
  • take actions which provide or enable personal economic empowerment in the future

Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4

Needs 1

Needs 2

Interview with Elder


Sectors Project

My Future Project


News Report

Chapter Quizes

Unit Test
3. Political Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.3.1 Evaluate the conditions of everyday life for diverse peoples living in British North America in the mid-1800s, including Aboriginal peoples, African-Canadians, and Acadians
  • identify, locate and map, using geographic tools, the various lands and colonies in what is now Canada circa 1850 
  • identify, using geographic tools, the diverse peoples that lived in these lands and colonies circa 1850 
  • describe employment opportunities available to various classes, diverse peoples and genders in urban and rural geographic areas 
  • identify and describe religious, health and educational organizations which were available to various classes, genders, and diverse peoples in urban and rural areas 
  • compare and contrast the importance of recreation and creative arts in urban and rural geographic areas
7.3.2 Analyse how the struggle for responsible government was an issue of political empowerment and disempowerment 
  • research the roles played by the churches, media, reformers, and oligarchies in the struggle for responsible government 
  • identify and assess the significance of reports and newspaper articles which impacted the creation of responsible government 
  • assess the impact of the rebellions of 1837 in the struggle for responsible government analyse the extent to which responsible government empowered the diverse peoples of the colonies 
7.3.3 Identify, interpret, and analyse the internal and external factors that led to Confederation 
  • identify the British North American colonies’ perspectives on Confederation 
  • identify the key individuals with power and explain their involvement in making Confederation happen 
  • analyse factors affecting the Confederation debate (internal and external) determine if Confederation was a democratic process by today’s standards 
7.3.4 Explain the political structure of Canada as a result of Confederation 
  • examine the concept of Federalism 
  • chart the structure of the Canadian government after Confederation 
  • compare and contrast the power given to the different levels of government by the BNA Act 
  • explain the democratic process in Canada (the role of the individual)



4. Cultural Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.4.1 Explain how the expansion and development of Canada during the 1870s and early 1880s affected its various people and regions
  • trace the political growth of Canada in the early 1870s 
  • explain the key factors of the Red River Rebellion of 1870 identify the outcomes of the Rebellion 
  • investigate how the National Policy empowered and disempowered the regions of Canada 
7.4.2 Analyse the events of the Northwest Rebellion to determine its impact on internal relations in Canada
  •  research the key factors that led to the Northwest Rebellion of 1885 
  • identify the events and results of the Northwest Rebellion assess past and present perspectives on Louis Riel’s role in Canada’s history 
  • identify the long-term impact of the rebellions on Canadian internal relations
7.4.3 Analyse the degree of empowerment and disempowerment for Aboriginal peoples in present day Atlantic Canada during this period
  • identify the various Aboriginal groups in present day Atlantic Canada during this period 
  • describe the way of life of Aboriginal peoples in present day Atlantic Canada during this period 
  • explore how national policies, treaties and the Indian Act had an impact on the Aboriginal peoples of present day Atlantic Canada 
7.4.4 Analyse the struggle for empowerment by new cultural groups immigrating to Canada between 1870 and 1914
  • identify the various cultural groups who came to Canada between 1870 and 1914 analyse the conditions that brought these groups to Canada (push and pull factors) 
  • describe the conditions these groups faced in Canada 
  • explain why it is important for ethnic groups to retain their cultural and linguistic identity, heritage, tradition and spirituality 
  • determine whether and how they became more empowered or less empowered by moving to Canada 
  • compare and contrast Canada’s immigration policies during the 20th century to identify examples of prejudice


5. Societal Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.5.1 Evaluate the conditions of everyday life for the peoples of Canada at the turn of the 20th century
  • describe the geo-political make-up of Canada in the early 1900s 
  • research and describe Canadian society and the technological changes that were affecting it at the turn of the 20th Century 
  • compare and contrast the conditions of everyday life for Canadians at the turn of the 20th century based on the following criteria: socioeconomic status, geographic region, ethnic group, urban/rural, gender account for the disparities that were evident in society at this time 
7.5.2 Describe the impact of the Industrial Revolution on industry and workers in the Maritimes and across Canada
  • describe the typical workday, working conditions, and regulations for the following groups of workers: factory workers, resource industry workers, women and children in the work force explain the emergence and development of the labour movement/ unions in Canada 
  • explain the impact that unions had on improving wages and working conditions
7.5.3 Explain how women became more empowered through their role in the social reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • describe the social reform movements that occurred including education and health reform, prison reform, living and working conditions 
  • identify key individuals and groups active in promoting these social changes analyse the impact of these movements on other women’s lives 
  • explain how women gained more rights and opportunities as a result of their work with social and political reform take age-appropriate action on social issues in our society today


6. National Empowerment Students will be expected to

7.6.1 Identify and describe events in the early 20th century that led Canada toward independence
  • account for varying perspectives on what the peoples of Canada at that time felt about the relationships between Canada and Britain and Canada and the United States 
  • explain how events like the Boer War, the Alaskan Boundary Dispute and the Naval crisis affected the relationships between Canada and Britain and Canada and the United States 
7.6.2. Explain Canada’s participation in WWI
  • explain what caused WWI and why Canada became involved 
  • explain how advances in technology changed how the war was fought 
  • demonstrate an understanding of Canada’s role in WWI 
7.6.3. Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of WWI on Canada and her people
  • examine the human and social impact of WWI on Canadians 
  • examine the economic changes that resulted from Canada’s participation in WWI 
  • analyse some of the political issues resulting from Canada’s participation in WWI


7. Summative 7.7.1 portray an understanding of the extent of empowerment of individuals, groups, and the nation up to 1920. Timeline