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A video example -- this is a guide to ONE way you can construct a phenakistoscope.  It is not precisely how ours will be done but very close.  

YouTube Video

What is this thing?
The optical toy, the phenakistoscope, was an early animation device that used the persistence of vision principle to create an illusion of motion. It was invented by Joseph Plateau in 1841.The phenakistoscope used a spinning disc attached vertically to a handle. Arrayed around the disc's center were a series of drawings showing phases of the animation, and cut through it were a series of equally spaced radial slits. The user would spin the disc and look through the moving slits at the disc's reflection in a mirror. The scanning of the slits across the reflected images kept them from simply blurring together, so that the user would see a rapid succession of images that appeared to be a single moving picture. A variant of it had two discs, one with slits and one with pictures; this was slightly more unwieldy but needed no mirror. Unlike the zoetrope and its successors, the phenakistoscope could only practically be used by one person at a time. (Juxtapoz Magazine)


Assessment will center around process and product.  

Ask yourself:  

  • Am I
    • being careful with my measurements and cuts?
    • designing a successful animation?
    • being careful with my construction?
  • Does my finished product show a successful animation?  Does it work?